Monday, June 30, 2008

34 साल पहले टाटा मोटर्स में पहली महिला टेक्निकल ऑफिसर सुधा मूर्ति के संस्मरण

सुधा कुलकर्णी मूर्ति देश की सबसे बड़ी कंप्यूटर सॉफ्टवेयर कंपनी इनफोसिस के चेयरमैन नारायण मूर्ति की पत्नी हैं। इनफोसिस फाउंडेशन की चेयरपरसन के तौर पर समाज सेविका के अलावा सुधा मूर्ति स्थापित लेखिका भी हैं। 29 जुलाई 2004 को जे आर डी टाटा की जन्मशती पर कंपनी की पत्रिका के विशेषांक में उन्होंने टाटा में नौकरी और जेआरडी से मुलाकातों पर संस्मरण लिखा। उसका एक प्रेरक अंश यहां दे रही हूं जो उन्हें एक जुझारू, हिम्मती और टाटा मोटर्स में काम करने वाली पहली महिला टेक्निकल ऑफिसर के रूप में दिखाता है।

It was probably the April of 1974. Bangalore was getting warm and gulmohars were blooming at the IISc campus. I was the only girl in my postgraduate department and was staying at the ladies' hostel. Other girls were pursuing research in different departments of Science.



Rohini Nilekani and Sudha Kulkarni (Murthy)

I was looking forward to going abroad to complete a doctorate in computer science. I had been offered scholarships from Universities in the US ... I had not thought of taking up a job in India .

One day, while on the way to my hostel from our lecture-hall complex, I saw an advertisement on the notice board. It was a standard job-requirement notice from the famous automobile company Telco (now Tata Motors)... It stated that the company required young, bright engineers, hardworking and with an excellent academic background, etc.

At the bottom was a small line: 'Lady Candidates need not apply.'

I read it and was very upset. For the first time in my life I was up against gender discrimination. Though I was not keen on taking up the job, I saw it as a challenge. I had done extremely well in academics, better than most of my male peers...
Little did I know then that in real life academic excellence is not enough to be successful? After reading the notice I went fuming to my room. I decided to inform the topmost person in Telco's management about the injustice the company was perpetrating. I got a postcard and started to write, but there was a problem: I did not know who headed Telco.

I thought it must be one of the Tatas. I knew JRD Tata was the head of the Tata Group; I had seen his pictures in newspapers (actually, Sumant Moolgaokar was the company's chairman then) I took the card, addressed it to JRD and started writing. To this day I remember clearly what I wrote.

'The great Tatas have always been pioneers. They are the people who started the basic infrastructure industries in India , such as iron and steel, chemicals, textiles and locomotives they have cared for higher education in India since 1900 and they were responsible for the establishment of the Indian Institute of Science. Fortunately, I study there. But I am surprised how a company such as Telco is discriminating on the basis of gender.'

I posted the letter and forgot about it. Less than 10 days later, I received a telegram stating that I had to appear for an interview at Telco's Pune facility at the company's expense. I was taken aback by the telegram. My hostel mate told me I should use the opportunity to go to Pune free of cost and buy them the famous Pune saris for cheap! I collected Rs30 each from everyone who wanted a sari when I look back, I feel like laughing at the reasons for my going, but back then they seemed good enough to make the trip.

It was my first visit to Pune and I immediately fell in love with the city. To this day it remains dear to me. I feel as much at home in Pune as I do in Hubli, my hometown. The place changed my life in so many ways. As directed, I went to Telco's Pimpri office for the interview.

There were six people on the panel and I realized then that this was serious business. 'This is the girl who wrote to JRD,' I heard somebody whisper as soon as I entered the room. By then I knew for sure that I would not get the job. The realization abolished all fear from my mind, so I was rather cool while the interview was being conducted.

Even before the interview started, I reckoned the panel was biased, so I told them, rather impolitely, 'I hope this is only a technical interview.'

They were taken aback by my rudeness, and even today I am ashamed about my attitude. The panel asked me technical questions and I answered all of them.

Then an elderly gentleman with an affectionate voice told me, 'Do you know why we said lady candidates need not apply? The reason is that we have never employed any ladies on the shop floor. This is not a co-ed college; this is a factory. When it comes to academics, you are a first ranker throughout. We appreciate that, but people like you should work in research laboratories.

I was a young girl from small-town Hubli. My world had been a limited place. I did not know the ways of large corporate houses and their difficulties, so I answered, 'But you must start somewhere, otherwise no woman will ever be able to work in your factories.'

Finally, after a long interview, I was told I had been successful. So this was what the future had in store for me. Never had I thought I would take up a job in Pune. I met a shy young man from Karnataka there, we became good friends and we got married.

It was only after joining Telco that I realized who JRD was: the uncrowned king of Indian industry. Now I was scared, but I did not get to meet him till I was transferred to Bombay. One day I had to show some reports to Mr Moolgaokar, our chairman, who we all knew as SM.. I was in his office on the first floor of Bombay House (the Tata headquarters) when, suddenly JRD walked in. That was the first time I saw 'appro JRD'. Appro means 'our' in Gujarati. This was the affectionate term by which people at Bombay House called him.

I was feeling very nervous, remembering my postcard episode. SM introduced me nicely, 'Jeh (that's what his close associates called him), this young woman is an engineer and that too a postgraduate. She is the first woman to work on the Telco shop floor.'

8 comments:

Udan Tashtari said...

एक जमाने में, दो साल पहले, यह ईमेल फॉरवर्ड की तरह खूब घूमा किस्सा है. आभार पुरानी यादों को जगाने का.

Suresh Gupta said...

अच्छा लगा पढ़कर. एक सोच था कि महिलायें फेक्ट्री शाप फ्लोर पर काम नहीं कर सकतीं. एक महिला ने इस सोच को बदला. ऐसे ही बदलते हैं सोच और समाज आगे बढ़ता है. बस एक सकारात्मक विचारधारा चाहिए.

आर. अनुराधा said...

साधन-संपन्न, प्रगतिशील, खुले विचारों वाले परिवार में पलने के बाद भी सुधा को अपना ये हक लेने के लिए कोशिश करनी पड़ी। भले ही उनकी पृष्ठभूमि यह कोशिश करने में मददगार रही हो। असल बात यह है कि उन्होंने लीक से हट कर कुछ चाहा और फिर उसे पाने के लिए कोशिश की। और इस तरह दूसरी शायद कुछ कम साधन-संपन्न महिलाओं के लिए रास्ता आसान बना दिया। उनका यह पूरा संस्मरण टाटा के वेबसाइट पर इस पते पर उपलब्ध है- http://www.tata.com/0_about_us/history/pioneers/appro_jrd.htm

Neelima said...

बहुत आभार यह पढवाने के लिए ! सत्ता और तकनीक के केन्द्र में अपने लिए जगह बनाने वाली स्त्री की कहानी वाकई प्रेरणादायक है !

रवि रतलामी said...

इसका हिन्दी अनुवाद रखतीं तो ज्यादा अच्छा होता.

अनूप भार्गव said...

हर बात जब पहली बार की जाती है तो मुश्किल होती है और उस पहली बार करने के लिये एक असाधारण व्यक्तित्व की ज़रूरत होती है लेकिन यदि वह व्यक्ति यदि स्वयं सफ़लता हासिल करने के बाद अपना कार्य पूर्ण समझ ले तो यह अधूरी सफ़लता होगी । पूरा काम तभी होगा जब वह आगे आने वालों के लिये के लिये मार्ग इतना सुगम कर सके कि उन सब को असाधारण न होना पड़े , सिर्फ़ अन्य लोगों के बराबार होना पर्याप्त हो।

siddheshwar singh said...

बहुत खूब

Satyendra PS said...

दरअसल आगे वही बढ़ते हैं, जिनमें कुछ आग होती है। प्रसिद्ध राजनीतिक चिंतक रूसो का किस्सा भी इससे मिलता है। वह खानाबदोश घूम रहा था, अखबार में छपे एक वैचारिक प्रतियोगिता में लेख लिखा और छा गए। वास्तव में मूर्ति ने न केवल नौकरी हासिल की थी, बल्कि अपने एक पोस्टकार्ड से टाटा की नीति और अपनी जिंदगी भी बदल ली थी।
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